Convergence Analysis of Carbon Emissions from the Ottoman Empire to the Present Day


  • Buket Kırcı Altınkeski economics


Carbon emissions, stochastic convergence, unit root test, nonlineraity


This study delves into the presence of stochastic convergence in per capita carbon emissions from the era of the Ottoman Empire to the present day. Employing both traditional and nonlinear unit root tests for the period of 1865-2021, we scrutinize the long-term dynamics of carbon emissions and their potential convergence patterns. While the linear unit root test yields results against stochastic convergence, the nonlinear unit root test indicates that stochastic convergence is valid for Turkey.


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How to Cite

Kırcı Altınkeski, B. (2023). Convergence Analysis of Carbon Emissions from the Ottoman Empire to the Present Day. Journal of Financial Economics and Banking, 4(2), 101-105. Retrieved from



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